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Reducing Emissions on Farm

Reducing on-farm emissions is a complex task, so we’ve broken it down into 6 steps.

Unsure where to start?
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Baseline your farm

Baseline your farm using a calculator designed for your commodity.

Access Carbon Calculators


Identify the different sources of emissions on your farm

Use the information from your carbon baseline to identify the different sources of emissions on your farm and how much each source contributes to the total.
This will vary by region, commodity type and farming system.
For example: Dairy Australia found that ‘average’ dairy farm emissions look likethis:

step 2
step 2

Each of these sources of emissions will have different solutions for reduction, so working out the relative percentages of emissions is a good starting point to see where the opportunities lie.


Identify and evaluate options for emissions reduction, and set a target and timeframe for achievement

Use the links below to investigate and consider cost vs impact of options, including the
payback period and potential productivity impacts. These could include things like:

  • improving energy efficiency
  • installing solar
  • changing feeding mixes
  • changing pastures.

These opportunities will be specific to commodity and farming systems.

Once you’ve identified the emissions reductions opportunities on your farm, you can consider setting a target with timeframes for achievement. It’s worth speaking to your value chain partners at this stage – they might have their own targets and requirements for Scope 3 emissions that can help inform yours.

Other, more general resources are available through trustworthy organisations,including your state agriculture department;

Resource Description
Agriculture Victoria link icon the Victorian Agriculture Department provides general information which is applicable to all regions link icon
‘Making cent$ of carbon and emissions on-farm’ link icon focuses on practical actions that farm businesses can take now to improve their emissions performance. link icon
Livestock methane and nitrogen emissions link icon information to help livestock farmers to better understanding carbon and emission link icon

In most cases, the commodity Research & Development Councils (RDCs) have set sector targets for emissions reduction and developed tools to help farmers to achieve them. See:

Resource Research & Development Corporation
Australian Pork Limited link icon Low Carbon Emission Roadmap link icon
Cotton Australia link icon Cotton Australia | Environment and climate link icon
Dairy Australia link icon Emissions – Reduction Strategies link icon
Dairy Australia link icon Energy Saving Tips link icon
Fisheries Research and Development Corporation link icon Climate Change and Sustainability link icon
Grains Research and Development Corporation link icon GRDC Search Tool link icon
Hort Innovation link icon Australian-grown Horticulture Sustainability Framework link icon
Meat and Livestock Australia link icon Carbon Neutral 2030 Hub link icon
Rice Growers Australia link icon Greenhouse gas emissions link icon


Consider potential grants or incentives

Many states and territories offer rebates and incentives to undertake work on farms.
An up-to-date list of opportunities is kept by FarmTable.

Access Farm Table


If you’ve set an emissions reduction target, consider opportunities to inset emissions which cannot be reduced or abated to help meet that target.

The Carbon Markets can provide guidance on this option.

Access Carbon Markets


Baseline again over time to measure your on-farm impact

Some case studies of farms who have achieved net zero emissions on farm are listed here:

Carbon Status — Leap Farm link icon
Macka’s Becomes Carbon Neutral — Macka’s Australian Black Angus Beef link icon

Watch a FCA Webinar

FCA has created a number of webinars that you might find helpful. Explore our webinars below.

Claire Boyle

let’s talk about methane

You’re invited to join our next webinar, ‘Let’s talk about methane’. Hear from Dr Sabina Assan, author of report Australia’s coal mines can deliver two-thirds of methane cuts, and Margaret Jewell, MLA CN30 manager, about the impact of methane on climate targets and the possibilities for methane reduction in agriculture.

Claire Boyle

What do emissions reduction targets mean for farmers?

Our next webinar, ‘What do emissions reduction targets mean for farmers?’, is your opportunity to find out the answers to these questions any others relating to the new emissions targets.

Join us to hear from Polly Hemming, the Australia Institute, and Liam Walsh, Climateworks Centre, who will explain the impacts and opportunities of these policies for farmers.

Claire Boyle

Farmer deep dive – low emissions agriculture

You’re invited to join our next webinar, ‘What do emissions reduction targets mean for farmers?’. Join us to hear from Miguel E Castillo, Ernst & Young, and Professor Andrew Macintosh, Australian National University, as we get into what the future may look like for agriculture in a low emissions world.

Claire Boyle

Opportunities for agriculture in a low emissions future

Our next webinar, ‘What do emissions reduction targets mean for farmers?’. Find out how good climate policy can help farming families diversify their incomes, and increase productivity and profit.

Do you know of a useful resource?

This toolkit isn’t exhaustive and FCA will be adding more resources over time – if you know of another great resource that should be added please send in your suggestions to [email protected] with subject “CSFT Suggestion”.

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